Sunglasses are starting to become an essential accessory one must have in their daily life, but do you really know what is best for your eye care before making a purchase? Our ophthalmologist explains what to look for to best protect your eye against the sun’s harmful rays.
Sunglasses are an essential accessory that you should have with you throughout the year and not just in the times where the sun shines the brightest. The season of summer, in particular, is the time when we spend more time outside with the risk of exposing our eyes to the damage of radiation from ultraviolet rays.
According to studies conducted by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, exposure to bright sunlight can damage the tissues of the surface of the eye, the cornea and the lens and, therefore, increase the risk of developing certain eye diseases. To avoid this, experts recommend the use of polarized sunglasses:
“When exposed to sunlight, the recommendation is to use sunglasses with appropriate filters that prevent the passage of 95-100% of ultraviolet radiation which is responsible for eye diseases, such as pterygium, cataracts, macular degeneration or tumors,”Dr. Alfonso Arias Puente
Dr. Alfonso Arias Puente has also warned people of the dangers of not wearing sunglasses in the open air.
“Do not rely on cloudy days and always use sunglasses in the open air, as eye damage from radiation can occur at any time of the year, especially summers.“
Experts believe that when it comes to protecting our eyes from the sunlight, it is essential to wear category 3 sunglasses whose polarization can protect the eyes from burning against the powerful rays of the sun.
“It is recommended to wear polarized sunglasses that filter ultraviolet light without compromising the person’s clarity of vision since most people are exposed to hundreds of hours in the sun all around summer. The more we protect the eyes, the better,“ insists the optometrist.
Buying a good pair of sunglasses this summer is guaranteed to be the best investment you will ever make.
How to choose the right sunglasses for you?
So, how do you choose the perfect pair of summer sunglasses that protect your eyes against the harmful rays of the sun while keeping your look fashionable and cool?
Here are 5 tips for choosing the best summer sunglasses for both men and women.
1. – Always choose your sunglasses following the help of your optometrist
If you’re buying your first pair of sunnies, it is advised that you always go with your optometrist’s recommendations. it is also highly recommended that you purchase your sunnies from an optical establishment that recognizes international standards.
You can buy your sunglasses according to the activity you have planned out this summer (swimming, hiking, kayaking, etc.). According to international standards, there are four types of intensity filters.
|Lens category 0: Light tint sunglasses or fashion spectacles||These provide a very limited reduction of sun glare and some UV protection.|
|Lens category 1: Light tint sunglasses or fashion spectacles||These provide limited protection against sun glare and some UV protection; they are not suitable for driving in at night or under dull light conditions.|
|Lens category 2: General purpose sunglasses||These provide good protection against sun glare and good UV protection; they suitable for driving in at night or under dull light conditions.|
|Lens category 3: General purpose sunglasses||These provide high protection against sun glare and good UV protection; they are not suitable for driving at night or under dull light conditions.|
|Lens category 4: Very dark special sunglasses – very high sun glare reduction||These are special purpose sunglasses that provide very high protection against extreme sun glare and good UV protection; they are not suitable for road use and driving.|
2. – Your polarized sunglasses should have a UV filter
Your choice of sunglasses should always come equipped with a good quality ultraviolet light filter as wearing a low-quality UV filter does more harm than good.
Wearing a dark lens without this filter can damage the eye a lot because the pupil dilates and lets more light in dark. A lens without a UV filter exposes the pupil to a lot of light that can endanger the eyes in the long run.
UV protection sunglasses and polarized eyeglasses act like a sunscreen for your eyes. It is important to wear sunglasses in the shade too, as UV rays reflected from buildings and other surfaces are dangerous. Ultraviolet radiation and your eyes do not mix well together.
3. – Know Your Preferred Frame and Lens Material
When choosing your sunglasses, keep in mind that there are different materials for frame and lens available in the market right now. Riviera Shades specializes in the top-of-the-line materials that include Polycarbonate polarized and Nylon Polarized lenses made to last a lifetime. As strong and durable one would want their sunglasses to be when going for an adventure outdoors, it is highly recommended to go for frames that adjust according to your face giving you the comfort you deserve.
In the past, lenses made from glass were preferred more over anything else due to their ability to provide clear vision, but now they are usually all organic. Riviera Shades’ lenses not only weigh less but provide superior performance under duress and activities that require vision clarity.
4. – Always buy polarized sunglasses
Polarized sunglasses benefits include improved comfort and visibility which is a great advantage for people who drive a lot or are at sea (improving your ability to see objects below the surface of a lake, stream or the ocean). The sunglasses polarize the light as well as eliminate unwanted reflections and brightness.
People who use polarized sunglasses in longer stretches of time claim they become less tired and don’t suffer from as many headaches, as compared to those who are constantly exposed to glares.
5. – Buying sunglasses just because they look good can sometimes cost you
In our opinion, the “most serious mistake” one can commit is of choosing their sunglasses from an unnamed brand and since you never know what technology or materials they use in the production of their glasses, this can lead to unwanted damage to the eyes. You should always consult an optometrist that has knowledge about the ideal characteristics of the glasses in the current market.
When buying sunglasses, people often tend to look only at the aesthetic part, and not follow the indications of the optometrist, when what should prevail is our visual health.
Beyond the silhouette or design of the glasses, the size of the frames is also important. It is important to know the measurements of the length of the temple, the width of the bridge and the diameter of the lens so that it adapts to your face and is neither too large nor too small.
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